Radiocarbon dating of east america lake levels
The two shell middens excavated by Smithsonian workers, Wedel's Sites 1 and 2, were also located within this occupation zone and were undoubtedly the two largest and probably most important concentrations of midden along the two mile stretch.
Wedel's Site 1 is at the approximate midpoint of the two mile stretch adjacent to a major drainage, while Site 2 was at the extreme eastern end of the stretch on a long, narrow sand bar.
Gerow (19), supporting Wedel's impression of Buena Vista's weak linkage with Windmiller, drew together evidence to show that any connection between Windmiller and the early milling stone complexes of southern California was predicated on burial posture alone.
In addition Gerow pointed out that evidence for extended posture in southern California becomes more certain after approximately 3000 B. Gerow (Gerow 195-126) further questioned the hypothesis that Windmiller represented a Hokan population, offering considerable data in support of Penutian affiliation.
The work was organized and financed by the Civil Works Administration as a means of reducing unemployment during the Great Depression and the location was selected due to its mild winter climate and proximity to "abundant unemployed labor," for the most part oil-field workers from nearby industrial towns (Wedel 1941:1-2). Wedel, then a graduate student in anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley. Archaeological materials recovered from sites located at the margins of the lake suggest that human occupancy of the locality extended back into the past for thousands of years. Data obtained from two separate investigations, one conducted almost 50 years ago (Wedel 1941) and the other about 20 years ago (Fredrickson and Grossman 1977), allow the formulation of a tentative cultural chronology and of several research directions pertinent to the lake shore habitat. Although the work is best known for its deeper component which yielded handstones, milling slabs, and at one site, extended burials, i.e., materials related to southern California's early milling stone complex, two phases of a pre-European late occupation were identified in the upper component. Wedel's scantily represented early complex has never been adequately dated. Contributions of the University of California Archaeological Research Facility 15. Based on assumed rates of midden accumulation, the upper component was tentatively placed between A. It lacked completely asphaltum, steatite, obsidian, and baked clay, all of which occurred in the upper levels.