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Obviously, in so-called missionary countries, where benefices are practically unknown, such laws cannot apply.As, however, it is only equitable that the diocese should support its bishop, especially as he has no episcopal benefice, a pension which retains the canonical name of cathedraticum is usually paid to the bishop in most missionary countries. The question necessarily occupied the attention of various synods and the conclusion was unanimous that a tax analogous to the cathedraticum should be imposed on dioceses for the support of their bishops.As a consequesce, different methods of computing the cathedraticum prevail throughout the United States.In one prominent diocese, for example, the rector of each church must pay one-fifth of his revenue if it exceed one thousand dollars, or one-third if it be less.Thus the Eighth Provincial Council of Baltimore (see B ALTIMORE, P ROVINCIAL C OUNCILS OF ), held in 1855, declares in its seventh decree : "As it is just that the bishop who watches over the salvation of all, should receive from all the faithful of the diocese whatever is necessary for his proper support and for enabling him to execute his office, we decree that he may demand for this purpose a part of the revenues of all churches in which the care of souls is exercised".The Cardinal Prefect of the Propaganda, writing to the bishops of the Province of Cincinnati in 1857, says: "The right of the bishop to receive support from his diocese has been recognized; nevertheless, the application and determination of the means of support can best be treated of in diocesan synods, because cognizance can then be taken of the state and condition of each diocese ".The earliest legislation on the subject seems to be a canon of the Second Council of Braga (572). The reason given for this limitation is that at the time of the Council of Braga the sacraments were administered to the faithful in parochial churches only. Ordin.) that not only chapters and parish churches, but also endowed chapels and benefices should be subject to the same tax (Rota coram Tan. This sum was to be paid to the bishop on the occasion of his annual visitation of his diocese.
Finally the diocesan arrangement for the cathedraticum has been declared by Propaganda (as in 1872) to be a binding law on those whom it concerns. All materials contained on this site, whether written, audible or visual are the exclusive property of Catholic Online and are protected under U. and International copyright laws, © Copyright 2017 Catholic Online.An identical decree was adopted by the Second Council of the Province of Australia in 1869, but Propaganda did not sanction it and declared that the matter should preferably be determined by the various diocesan synods.This was likewise the opinion of the Fathers of the Second Plenary Council of Baltimore in 1866.By law, however, there is, strictly speaking, no fixed time for making this payment.For although as a rule it is customary to do so in the synod, yet custom or agreement can place it at another time. Congregation of the Council has declared that the cathedraticum must be paid, even in those years in which no diocesan synod is celebrated (In Perus., Cathedr., 1735). He can require it, however, from the diocesan seminary if benefices have been incorporated with it.